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2014年GCT考试英语模拟附答案解析
文章来源:www.yjsedu.cn 作者:在职研究生网 发表时间:2015-11-13阅读:

Part One Vocabulary and Structure

Directions:

There are ten incomplete sentences in this part.  For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

1. Many newcomers complain of the rapid _________ of life in Hong Kong.

A. rate       B. pace       C. speed       D. growth

答案B。pace of life意为“生活节奏”;rate意为“比率,速率”;speed意为“速度”;growth意为“发育,成长”。

2. To one´s boss, an employee should dress neatly, be ________ and show interest in the job.

A. instant    B. timely     C. punctual    D. quick

答案C。instant意为“立刻的,即时的”;timely意为“及时的”;quick意为“(做事)迅速的”;punctual意为“守时的,准时的”。

3. The girl will not become a nurse because she will faint at the __________ of blood.

A. vision     B. eyes       C. sight        D. view

答案C。at the sight of意为“看见”;view意为“眼界,视野”;vision是指人的视力或视野,引申为梦幻景象。

4. The government_________ regulations that put this old city under protection.

A. published    B. issued     C. discharged    D. released

答案B。issue意为“发布,颁布,发行”;publish意为“出版,印刷”;discharge意为“释放出”;release意为“发布消息”。

5. Unexpectedly the light __________ and we were left in darkness.

A. bum out    B. put out     C. turned out    D. went out

答案D。burn out意为“烧光,烧完”;put out意为“熄灭,扑灭”;turn out意为“关掉,熄灭”;go out意为“熄灭,停止运行”。

6. After a whole day´s heavy work, the old worker returned home,_________ .

A. hungry and felt exhausting

B. hunger and exhausted

C. hungry and exhausted

D. hungry and having been exhausted

答案C。从时态意义上讲,应该用过去分词,表示伴随情况,还应该考虑连词前后的平衡结构表达法问题。

7. The last half of the nineteenth century __________ the steady improvement in the means of travel.

A. has witnessed             B. was witnessed

C. witnessed                D. is witnessed

答案C。根据主语可判断出时间为过去时。  


8. She ___________ in the feet on her way home from work.

A. was hurting       B. is hurt     C. hurts        D. got hurt

答案D。“get+-ed分词”构成被动语态,get通常表示动作的结果而非动作本身。

9. Without computers, we ______ the tremendous medical advancement in the last few decades.

A. would not make            B. will not have made

C. could not make            D. couldn´t have made

答案D。without作“如果没有”解,表示一种与事实相反的假设,意思上相对于一个if引导的虚拟条件句。根据题中可看出without computer 是与过去事实相反的假设,因此主句应该用:would(should,could,might)+动词的完成时。

10. ___________ that Susan hadn´t dared to make a sound.

A. So was he absorbed        B. So absorbed he was

C. So absorbed was he        D. So he was absorbed

答案C。so为程度副词,置于句首时,句子一般倒装。当so作为程度副词置于句首时,它所修饰的形容词或分词一般紧跟其后。

Part Two Reading Comprehension

Directions:

In this part there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing with a pencil a short bar across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

Questions 11—15 are based on the following passage:

Some psychologists maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that one´s muscles also participate. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.

You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their body or more specifically, some part of their body. Often when one listens to a symphonic concert on the radio, he is tempted to direct the orchestra even though he knows there is a competent conductor on the job.

Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener "feels" himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body.

The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.

11. Some psychologists maintain that thinking is __________.

A. not a mental process

B. more of a physical process than a mental action

C. a process that involves our entire bodies

D. a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain

答案D。本题考点在文章第一句中的mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that one´s muscles also participate。原文中的not…alone, but…相当于考题里的as well as, 所以考生对意思相似相近的表达要清楚。

12. Few people are able to listen to familiar music without __________.

A. moving some part of their body

B. stopping what they are doing to listen

C. directing the orchestra playing it

D. wishing that they could conduct music properly

答案A。本题的依据句是第二段中的第二个句子Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their body or more specifically, some part of their body.    


13. Body movements are necessary in order for the listener to _____________.

A. hear the music                   B. appreciate the music

C. enjoy the music fully              D. completely understand the music

答案C。本题依据关键在第三段第二句中的derive all possible enjoyment from music,这与试题中的enjoy the music fully意思相当。

14.  According to the selection, muscle participation in the process of thinking is ______.

A. deliberate                       B. obvious

C. not readily apparent                D. very pronounced

答案C。本题的依据是短文中的最后一句,关键部分是this participation is less obvious,这与选项C、 not readily apparent意思相当。

15. The best title for this selection is ____________.

A. An Ear for Music

B. Music Appreciation

C. How Muscles Participate in Mental Acts

D. A Psychological Definition of the Thinking Process

答案C。短文先指出思维中可能有类似听音乐时肌肉参与的情形;接着描述了听音乐过程中肌肉参与的情况;最后指出,肌肉在思维活动中的参与只不过没那么明显罢了。可见,全文主要讨论的是肌肉在思维活动中的参与,既不是专门讲思维,更不是专门说音乐。故C选项做标题合适。

Questions 16—20 are based on the following passage:

During the summer session there will be a revised schedule of services for the university community. Specific changes for intercampus bus services, summer hours for the cafeteria, the infirmary (校医院) and recreational and athletic facilities will be posted on the bulletin board outside of the cafeteria. Weekly movie and concert schedules which are in the process of being arranged will be posted each Wednesday outside of the cafeteria.

Intercampus buses will leave the main hall every hour on the half hour and make all of the regular stops on their route around campus. The cafeteria will serve breakfast, lunch, and early dinner from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. during the week and from noon to 7 p.m. on weekends. The library will maintain regular hours during the week, but shorter hours on Saturdays and Sundays. The weekend hours are from noon to 7 p. m.

All students who want to use the library borrowing services and recreational athletic, and entertainment facilities must have a valid summer identification card. This announcement will also appear in the next issue of the student newspaper.

16. Which of the following is the main purpose of this announcement?

A. To tell campus personnel of the new library services.

B. To announce the new movies on campus this summer.

C. To notify university people of important schedule changes.

D. To remind the students to validate their identification cards.

答案C。本文讲的是“暑期校区各项服务安排变更情况”,首句即主题句为During the summer session there will be a revised schedule of services for the university community.选项C符合题意。

17. Specific schedule revisions for which of the following facilities are listed in this announcement?

A. Athletic and recreational.         B. Food and transportation.

C. Bookstore and post office.        D. Medical and audio-visual.

答案B。本题属于细节题。要注意题干中的Specific schedule revisions,即“具体安排的修改”。第二段首句和第二句分别详细描述了公交车的发车时间、地点和食堂就餐时间,文中没有提到A. Athletic and recreational, C. Bookstore and post office和D. Medical and audio-visual.的具体情况。

18. Times for movies and concerts are not listed in this announcement because ______________.

A. film or concert occurs every Wednesday at 7 p. m.

B. the full list would be too long

C. films and concerts cannot be announced publicly

D. the full list is not ready yet

答案D。本题的依据是文章第一段第三句话。关键部分是Weekly movie and concert schedules which are in the process of being arranged,即“每周电影和音乐会计划还在安排当中”,故D为合理选项。


19. According to the announcement which of the following is true of special summer hours for the library?

A. It has them only on the weekends.

B. It has them both weekdays and weekends.

C. It has no special summer hours.

D. The information is not available.

答案A。根据题干中的special summer hours for the library可以缩小寻找答案的范围,只寻找与“图书馆”有关信息即可。答案依据在第二段的第三句,其中but shorter hours on Saturdays and Sundays是关键部分。but shorter hours 表示special,与平时不同; Saturdays and Sundays指的就是weekends。因此A为正确选项。

20. According to the announcement, a validated identification card is required to __________.

A. ride on intercampus buses

B. read announcements in the cafeteria

C. make use of the infirmary

D. check books out of´ the library

答案D。本题答案依据是短文倒数第二句。句中提到“借书和娱乐健身”需要有效证明卡。注意题干里的validated和原文中的valid意思相同,即“有效的”。

Questions 21—25 are based on the following passage:

The economy in the United States is heavily dependent on aluminum, a material widely used in the construction of buildings and in making such diverse things as cars, airplanes, and food containers. In 1979 Americans used over five million tons of new aluminum, and one and a half million tons of recycled aluminum. Some ninety percent of the bauxite (矾土) ore from which new aluminum is normally derived had to be imported to meet the demand. Poorer ores are abundant in the United States, however, and researchers at Purdue University may recently have found a way to obtain aluminum magnetically from these.

Although aluminum is not attracted by ordinary magnets, under special conditions it becomes temporarily "paramagnetic", or very weakly responsive to a magnetic field. This is achieved by immersing ore particles in water to which certain salts have been added and then filtering the ore through steel wool in the presence of a strong magnetic field. It is hoped that this technique will reduce the amount of high-grade aluminum the United States must import.

21. The passage focuses on _____________.

A. construction and manufacturing industry in the United States

B. new technique of obtaining aluminum from poor ores

C. consumption and production of aluminum in the United States

D. the annual import of high-grade aluminum into the United States

答案C。本题考查的是对短文主旨大意的理解。首段说的是美国对铝的需求及其来源,第二段讲述了一种新的提取铝的方法。故C、 consumption and production of aluminum in the United States最符合题意,A、B、D虽然提到与短文有关的内容,但都不够全面。

22. It is believed that a new technique to _________ will probably be found.

A. recycle old aluminum products

B. discover more bauxite ores

C. make aluminum by putting ore particles under water

D. take out aluminum magnetically from poorer ores

答案D。本题的依据是第一段最后一句,关键部分是Poorer ores,have found a way to obtain aluminum magnetically。

23. In the second paragraph the word "paramagnetic" means ___________.

A. slightly magnetic

B. a weak magnetic field

C. a strong magnetic substance

D. the under-water magnetic power

答案A。这是个词汇题。解这种题需要先找到该词所在的句子,答案往往从中可以读出。Paramagnetic在第二段首句,句子后半部分的or very weakly responsive to a magnetic field就是解释,故选A. slightly magnetic。 


24. By immersing ore particles in water, ____________.

A. we can get ore particles of equal size

B. we can purify aluminum particles

C. we can filter out aluminum

D. we can improve the working conditions around

答案C。本题的依据是最后一句It is hoped that this technique will reduce the amount of high-grade aluminum the United States must import.显然,把矿粒进入水中的做法目的只有一个,即提取铝。故选C。

25. We understand from the passage that the United States ____________.

A. is rich in low-grade aluminum-beating ores

B. is short of aluminum-making techniques

C. has to import ninety percent of its annual need of aluminum

D. has to produce fifty percent of the world´s supply to meet its annual aluminum demand

答案A。这是一个细节题,答案依据是第一段第四句Poorer ores are abundant in the United States…

Questions 26—30 are based on the following advertisements:

Service Ad

Professional Typing Service announces a new location in Westside Mall, 1400 University Avenue across from State University Student Union.

We specialize in term papers, theses, and dissertations typed to the specifications of the Graduate School of State University.

Twenty-four-hour service for fifty pages or less. Forty-eight-hour service for more than fifty pages.

Rates: $1 per page on regular paper

$1.25 per page on cotton bond paper

$ 0.25 extra for each carbon copy or a graph

Hours: 8:00 a. m. —10:00 p.m.    Monday—Friday

8:00 a. m. —4:00 p.m.    Saturday

Closed all day          Sunday

Call: 717-5415

26. What kind of person needs this service?

A. A doctor.     B. A policeman.    C. The sick.     D. A student.

答案D。这是一则打印服务广告,其中针对学生论文描述了服务内容和价格,可见服务对象是学生。

27. How much will it cost you if you want five regular papers and two graphs to be typed?

A. $5         B. $1            C. $5.5       D. $6

答案C。根据广告上的价格计算:$1 per page on regular paper,$ 0.25 extra for each carbon copy or a graph,5页regular paper需要$5, 2个graphs需要$0.5, 共计$5.5。   


28. If you have 20 pages to be typed, how long does it take to get them finished?

A. More than 48 hours                B. More than 24 hours.

C. Within 24 hours.                 D. In 24 minutes.

答案C。根据广告上的承诺:Twenty-four-hour service for fifty pages or less.20页的材料应该在24小时内打印完成。

29. When does the typing service close on Wednesday?

A. 10:00 p.m.                     B. 8:00 p.m.

C. 4:00 p.m.                      D. It´s closed all day.

答案A。按照广告上的服务时间:8:00 a. m. —10:00 p.m.  Monday—Friday,周三应该是晚上10点停止服务。

30. The main purpose of this passage is __________.

A. to criticize                     B. to describe

C. to advertise                     D. to celebrate

答案C。这是一则针对学生的校园服务广告,包括服务地点、时间、内容和价格。

Part Three Cloze

Directions:

There are ten blanks in the following passage.  For each numbered blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

As the plane circled over the airport, everyone sensed that something was wrong. The plane was moving unsteadily through the air, and   31   the passengers had fastened their seat belts, they were suddenly thrown forward. At that moment, the air-hostess   32   . She looked very pale, but was quite   33   . Speaking quickly but almost in a whisper, she   34   everyone that the pilot had fainted and asked if any of the passengers knew anything about machines or at least how to drive a car. After a moment´s   35   , a man got up and followed the hostess into the pilot´s cabin.

Moving the pilot aside, the man took his seat and listened carefully to the urgent instructions that were being sent by radio from the airport below.  The plane was now dangerously close  36  the ground, but to everyone´s relief, it soon began to climb. The man had to  37   the airport several times in order to become   38   with the controls. Therefore the danger had not yet passed. The terrible   39   came when he had to land. Following information, the man guided the plane toward the airfield.  It shook violently   40   it touched the ground and then moved rapidly along the runway and after a long run it stopped safely.

31. A. although      B. while        C. therefore      D. then

答案A。仔细阅读上下文,就能看出“and   31   the passengers had fastened their seat belts, they were suddenly thrown forward.”两个句子是对比关系,意思为“尽管旅客系着安全带,但大家还是被抛向前面”。

32. A. showed       B. presented     C. exposed       D. appeared

答案D。A选项正确说法应该为“showed up”,B和C选项意思和用法不符合语境;只有D选项正确。Appear意为“出现”。  


33. A. well        B. still         C. calm         D. quiet

答案C。应该注意but一词的意义在于引起一个相反的概念。“She looked very pale, but was quite   33  .”也就是说,所选择的单词应该是pale一词含义的反义词。所以用C选项最合适。全局意思为“尽管她脸色苍白,但她很镇静”。其他选项意思或用法有误。

34. A. inquired      B. insured       C. informed       D. instructed

答案C。A选项意思为“询问”;B选项意思为“保险”;C选项意思为“告诉”;D选项意为“指示”。只有C选项的意思和用法正确。

35. A. hesitation     B. surprise      C. doubt         D. delay

答案A。A选项意为“犹豫”,最符合本句话的场景。全句意思为“犹豫一会后,一个人站了起来跟服务员进了驾驶舱”。

36. A. to          B. by          C. near          D. on

答案A。close to属于固定搭配词组,意思为“接近”。其他选项的搭配不正确。

37. A. surround     B. circle        C. observe        D. view

答案B。A选项意为“包围”;B项意为“绕圈子”;C和D选项的意思为“观察,看”。在这里可以判断,飞机是在机场上空绕了几个圈子。

38. A. intimate      B. familiar       C. understood     D. close

答案B。A选项意思为“亲密的”;B项意为“熟悉”。本句话的含义是,飞机是在机场上空绕了几个圈子,目的是熟悉空管指示。

39. A. moment      B. movement     C. idea          D. affair

答案A。A选项的意思为“时刻”。全句意思是“可怕的一刻来临了,他要降落了”。其他选项的意思不正确。

40. A. as          B. unless        C. while         D. so

答案A。注意本处的意思为“当……时候”。A项as与C项while的意思都是“当……时候”,但while指一个较长的时间过程,而as指事情发生的一刻。由于飞机触地touch the ground是一个短暂性动作,此处应选择as。

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